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ABS | CEILING | COMBIN | COUNTIF | EVEN | FACT | FLOOR | INT | MINVERSE | MMULT | MOD | ODD | PI | POWER | RAND | ROMAN | ROUND | ROUNDDOWN | ROUNDUP | SIGN | SUBTOTAL | SUM | SUMIF | SUMPRODUCT | TRUNC

 ABS() Formula

### What this Formula does ?

It is short form of ABSolute value. It means this function returns always a absolute value of a Number whether it is Negative or Positive.

### Syntax:

=ABS(Number)
Where:
Number : Numeric Value for which you want to know the absolute value.

### Example:

Number    Absolute Value (Returned by the Function)    Formula Used
1010 =ABS(A1)
-3232 =ABS(A2)
-10.510.5 =ABS(A3)

From the above Example, it is clear that this function accepts any positive or negative value, but it returns as Absolute value only (without + or – sign)

 CEILING() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

Basically CEILING returns the nearest multiple significance. The multiple significance is defined by user while writing this formula.

Syntax for the CEILING() Function:

=CEILING(number,significance)

Where:
Number: is the Number for which you want the nearest significance.
Significance: is the multiple to which you want to round off.

### Remarks:

1. If any of the arguement is nonnumeric then formula will return #VALUE Error.

2. Sign of the number is not taken in to the consideration. It mean no matter whihc sign the number has, it will rounded off to the nearest multiple of significance. But for both the argument sign must be same. Refer example row number – 6.

3. If Number and Significance have different signs then formula will return #NUM! Error. Refer below example row number – 5

### Example:

Number    Rounded Value    Formula used to get Rounded Value
2.33 =CEILING(A1,1)
1.82 =CEILING(A2,1)
2.34 =CEILING(A3,2)
3560 =CEILING(A4,30)
-40#NUM! =CEILING(A5,30)
-40-60 =CEILING(A5,-30)

 COMBIN() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The COMBIN() This function calculates the highest number of combinations available based upon a fixed number of items. The internal order of the combination does not matter, so AB is the same as BA.

### Syntax:

=COMBIN(number, number_choosen)
Where:
number : This is the number which tell how many items are there to group.

number_choosen : This tells how many items can be in each group.

### Example:

Total Number of Items    Total Number of Items in Each Group    Total Number of Possible Combinations    Formula used to get this Combination
426 =COMBIN(A1,B1)
434 =COMBIN(A2,B2)
10245 =COMBIN(A3,B3)

Note: Let’s take an example. We have 4 letters A, B, C and D. We need to calculate the total number of possible combinations made with 2 letters.
Below are the total number of possible combinations:

 1 AB 2 AC 3 AD 4 BC 5 BD 6 CD

With the above example, it is clear that Out of 4 letters, if we try to make different combinations of letters then a maximum of 6 combination is possible. (considering AB=BA, AC=CA and so on.)

Now lets go back and check the above formula, that also return 6 for the input 4 and 2. refer row number 1 in the above Example.

 COUNTIF() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

COUNTIF() is made with the combination of two keywords COUNT and IF. It means It COUNTs IF certain criteria is filfiled, which is provided by the user.

### Syntax:

=COUNTIF(Range, Criteria)
Where:
Range : Range of items whihc you want to count. For example : Items in Range (A1:A30)
Criteria : This is the criteria, when matches then only item will be counted.

### Data Table:

Date            Items            Price
01-Jul-12Nike  200
10-Jul-12Adidas  180
01-Jul-12Nike  220
01-Jul-12Liberty  100
20-Jul-12Nike  150
10-Jul-12Adidas  100
20-Jul-12Liberty  150
01-Jul-12Nike  150

Now based on above data table lets take some scenarios:

 How many Nike Shoes Have been bought. 4 =COUNTIF(B1:B8,”Nike”) How many Liberty Shoes been bought. 2 =COUNTIF(B1:B8,”Liberty”) How many items cost £150 or above. 6 =COUNTIF(C1:C8,”>=150″)

### Remarks:

The criteria can be typed in any of the following ways.

1. To match a specific number type the number, such as =COUNTIF(A1:A5,100)
2. To match a piece of text type the text in quotes, such as =COUNTIF(A1:A5,”Hello”)
3. To match using operators surround the expression with quotes, such as =COUNTIF(A1:A5,”>100″)

 EVEN() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The EVEN() Function round a number up the nearest even whole number.

### Syntax:

EVEN(Number)
Where:
Number : Is the Number which you want to round off till the nearest Even Whole Number.

### Example:

Original Number    Rounded Value    Formula used to get Rounded Value
12 =EVEN(A1)
1.22 =EVEN(A2)
2.34 =EVEN(A3)
3536 =EVEN(A4)

 FACT() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The FACT() Function calculates the factorial of a given Number.

### Syntax:

FACT(Number)
Where:
Number : Is the Number which you want to calculate the Factorial.

### Example:

Number    Factorial of the Number    Formula used to Calculate Factorial
36 =FACT(A1)
3.56 =FACT(A2)
75040 =FACT(A3)
151307674368000 =FACT(A4)

### Remarks:

Decimal points of the Number is ignored and Factorial is calculated on the Integer part only. Refer the above example Row 2.

 FLOOR() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

Basically FLOOR returns the nearest multiple significance number towards Zero. The multiple significance is defined by user while writing this formula.

Syntax:

FLOOR(number,significance)

Where:
Number: is the Number for which you want the nearest significance.
Significance: is the multiple to which you want to round off.

### Remarks:

1. If any of the arguement is nonnumeric then formula will return #VALUE Error.

2. Sign of the number is not taken in to the consideration. It mean no matter whihc sign the number has, it will rounded off to the nearest multiple of significance. But for both the argument sign must be same. Refer example row number – 6.

3. If Number and Significance have different signs then formula will return #NUM! Error. Refer below example row number – 5

### Example:

Number    Rounded Value    Formula used to get Rounded Value
1.53 =FLOOR(A1,1)
2.32 =FLOOR(A2,1)
2.92 =FLOOR(A3,2)
199150 =FLOOR(A4,50)
-40#NUM! =FLOOR(A5,30)
-190-150 =FLOOR(A5,-50)

### Difference between FLOOR() and CIELING():

Both the above functions do the nearest multiple of the significance. The difference is that CIELING() round to the Next multiple of the significance while FLOOR() to the Previous multiple of the significance.

 INT() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

Basically INT returns the nearest whole number.

Syntax:

INT(number)

Where:
Number: is the Number which you want to round off.

Number    Rounded Value    Formula used to get Rounded Value
1.51 =INT(A1,1)
2.32 =INT(A2,1)
2.92 =INT(A3,2)
-1.99-2 =INT(A4,50)
-1.01-2 =INT(A5,30)

 MOD() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

Basically MOD() returns the nearest whole number.

Syntax:

MOD(number,divisor)

Where:
Number: is the Number for which you want to find the remainder.
Divisor: is the divisor by which you want to divide the number.

Number    Divisor    Remainder    Formula used to get Remaindernbsp;
1252 =MOD(A1,B1)
2076 =MOD(A2,B2)
1830 =MOD(A3,B3)
921 =MOD(A4,B4)

### Remarks:

If divisor is 0, MOD returns the #DIV/0! error value.

 ODD() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The ODD() Function round a number up the nearest ODD whole number.

### Syntax:

ODD(Number)
Where:
Number : Is the Number which you want to round off till the nearest ODD Whole Number.

### Example:

Original Number    Rounded Value    Formula used to get Rounded Value
23 =ODD(A1)
2.43 =ODD(A2)
2.93 =ODD(A3)
3.55 =ODD(A4)

 PI() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The PI() Function is eqaul to the Value of Pi

### Syntax:

PI()
No Arguement for this Function.

### Example:

This can be used where ever you want to use the value of Pi. Like in calculation of Area of a Circle.

Radius of the Circle    Area of the Circle    Formula used to Calculate Area
578.54=PI()*(A1^2)
10314.16=PI()*(C22^2)

 POWER() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The POWER() Function raises a number to a user specified power. It is the same as using the ^ operator , such as 3^4, which result is 81. or POWER(3, 4) also returns 81.

### Syntax:

POWER(Number, Power)
Where:
Number : Is the Number on which power is raised.
Power : Is the power number which is to be raised on the number.

### Example:

Number   Power    Result    Formula used to Calculate Power
329=POWER(A1, B1)
3481=POWER(A2, B2)
329=A1^B1
3481=A2^B2

 PRODUCT() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The PRODUCT() Function calculates the multiplication of a Range of Numbers.

### Syntax:

PRODUCT(Number1, Number2, Number3, ….)

OR

PRODUCT(Range)

Where:
Number1, Number2,… : are the series of numbers for which you want to find the multiplication.
Range : Is the range of the numbers which you want the multiplication.

### Example:

Number 1   Number 2    Multiplication    Formula used to Calculate Multiplication
326=PRODUCT(A1, B1)
3412=PRODUCT(A2, B2)

 RAND() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The RAND() Function always returns random number which is >=0 but

### Syntax:

RAND()

No Arguement required for this.

### Example:

Using this RAND() function, we can generate random numbers in different ranges. For example :

 Random greater than or equal to 0 but less than 1. “Random Number” =RAND() Random greater than or equal to 0 but less than 10. “Random Number” =RAND() * 10 Random Number between 5 and 10.. “Random Number” =RAND()*(10-5)+5

 ROMAN() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The ROMAN() Function produces a number shown as Roman numerals in various formats.

### Syntax:

ROMAN(Number, [form])

Where:
Number: is the number which you want to convert in Roman.
Form : is optional parameter. it has following values:

0 is Classic. This is used if no format is specified.
1 is more Concise.
2 is even more Concise.
3 is even more Concise still.
4 is Simplified.
TRUE is Classic
FALSE is Simplified

### Example:

Number   Roman    Formula used for Roman
1|=ROMAN(A1)
2II=ROMAN(A2)
10X=ROMAN(A3)
1998MCMXCVIII=ROMAN(A4)
1998MCMXCVIII=ROMAN(A5, 0)
1998MLMVLIII=ROMAN(A6, 1)
1998MXMVIII=ROMAN(A7, 2)
1998MVMIII=ROMAN(A8, 3)
1998MVMIII=ROMAN(A9, 4)
1998MCMXCVIII=ROMAN(A10, TRUE)
1998MVMIII=ROMAN(A11, FALSE)

 ROUND() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The ROUND() Function rounds a number to a specified amount of decimal places.

### Syntax:

ROUND(Number, num_digits)

Where:
Number: is the number which you want to round off.
num_digits : is number of digit till which you want to round off after decimal.

### Example:

Number   Places to Round    Rounded off Number    Formula used to Round off Number
1.4758901 =ROUND(A1,B1)
1.4758911.5 =ROUND(A2,B2)
1.4758921.48 =ROUND(A3,B3)
13643.47589-113640 =ROUND(A4,B4)
13643.47589-213600 =ROUND(A5,B5)
13643.47589-314000 =ROUND(A6,B6)

### Remarks:

1. If 0 is used the number is rounded to the nearest whole number.
2. If a negative amount of rounding is used the figures to the left of the decimal point are rounded.

 ROUNDDOWN() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The ROUNDDOWN() Function rounds a number down to a specified amount of decimal places.

### Syntax:

ROUNDDOWN(Number, num_digits)

Where:
Number: is the number which you want to round off.
num_digits : is number of digit till which you want to round off after decimal.

### Example:

Number   Places to Round    Rounded off Number    Formula used to Round off Number
1.4758901 =ROUNDDOWN(A1,B1)
1.4758911.4 =ROUNDDOWN(A2,B2)
1.4758921.47 =ROUNDDOWN(A3,B3)
13643.47589-113640 =ROUNDDOWN(A4,B4)
13643.47589-213600 =ROUNDDOWN(A5,B5)
13643.47589-313000 =ROUNDDOWN(A6,B6)

### Remarks:

1. If 0 is used the number is rounded to the nearest whole number.
2. If a negative amount of rounding is used the figures to the left of the decimal point are rounded.

 ROUNDUP() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The ROUNDUP() Function rounds a number up to a specified amount of decimal places.

### Syntax:

ROUNDUP(Number, num_digits)

Where:
Number: is the number which you want to round off.
num_digits : is number of digit till which you want to round off after decimal.

### Example:

Number   Places to Round    Rounded off Number    Formula used to Round off Number
1.4758902 =ROUNDDOWN(A1,B1)
1.4758911.5 =ROUNDDOWN(A2,B2)
1.4758921.48 =ROUNDDOWN(A3,B3)
13643.47589-113650 =ROUNDDOWN(A4,B4)
13643.47589-213700 =ROUNDDOWN(A5,B5)
13643.47589-314000 =ROUNDDOWN(A6,B6)

### Remarks:

1. If 0 is used the number is rounded to the nearest whole number.
2. If a negative amount of rounding is used the figures to the left of the decimal point are rounded.

 SIGN() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The SIGN() Function tests a value to determine whether it is positive or negative.

Note:

If the value is positive the result is 1.
If the value is negative the result is -1.
If the value is zero 0 the result is 0.

### Syntax:

SIGN(Number)

Where:
Number: is the number for which you want to know the sign.

### Example:

Number   Sign of the Number    Formula used to get Sign
101 =SIGN(A1)
201 =SIGN(A2)
00 =SIGN(A3)
-10-1 =SIGN(A4)
-20-1 =SIGN(A5)

 SUM() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The SUM() Function calculates the Sum of a Range of Numbers.

### Syntax:

SUM(Number1, Number2, Number3, ….)

OR

SUM(Range)

Where:
Number1, Number2,… : are the series of numbers for which you want to find the Sum.
Range : Is the range of the numbers which you want the Sum.

### Example:

Number 1   Number 2    Sum of the Numbers    Formula used to Calculate Sum
325=SUM(A1, B1)
347=SUM(A2, B2)

 SUMIF() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

SUMIF() is made with the combination of two keywords SUM and IF. It means It SUMs IF certain criteria is filfiled, which is provided by the user.

### Syntax:

=SUMIF(Range, Criteria, [sum_range])
Where:
Range : Range of items which you want to examine aginst the criteria. For example : Items in Range (A1:A30)
Criteria : This is the criteria, which will be matched with the Range.
sum_range : This is range which items will be summed up on matching the corresponding criteria. This is an optional parameter. If you want to sum the items of same range where you are applying the criteria, then you can ignore this. Refer example row No-3.

### Data Table:

Date            Items            Price
01-Jul-12Nike  200
10-Jul-12Adidas  180
01-Jul-12Nike  220
01-Jul-12Liberty  100
20-Jul-12Nike  150
10-Jul-12Adidas  100
20-Jul-12Liberty  150
01-Jul-12Nike  150

Now based on above data table lets take some scenarios:

 Total Price of Nike Shoes. 720 =SUMIF(B1:B8,”Nike”,C1:C8) Total Cost of Liberty Shoes bought 250 =SUMIF(B1:B8,”Liberty”,C1:C8) Total cost of Items costing £150 or above. 1050 =SUMIF(C1:C8,”>=150″)

 SUMPRODUCT() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

This function uses at least two columns of values. The values in the first column are multipled with the corresponding value in the second column.
The Sum of all the values is the result of the calculation.

### Syntax:

=SUMPRODUCT(Array1, Array2, Array3, ….)
Where:
Array1, Array2, … : are the Column Range which you want to multiply with and get the Total of all the multiplies.

### Data Table:

Brands    Quantity Sold    Price of Each Quantity
Nike10  200
Liberty7  180
Adidas9  150

Now based on above data table lets take some scenarios:

 Total Sales Value. 4610 =SUMPRODUCT(B2:B4,C2:C4)

### How It Works:

Let’s take the Above Example. First It will take value from both the columns and start multiplying them for each row.

PRODUCT of ROW 1 : 10 * 200 = 2000
PRODUCT of ROW 2 : 7 * 180 = 1260
PRODUCT of ROW 3 : 9 * 150 = 1350

Now It will Total all the products of each Row: PRODUCT of ROW 1 + PRODUCT of ROW 2 + PRODUCT of ROW 3

Therefore the result is : 2000 + 1260 + 1350 = 4610

Note : For this minimum 2 column is required.

 TRUNC() Formula TOP^

### What this Formula does ?

The TRUNC() Function truncates the decimal part of a number. It does not actually round the number.

### Syntax:

TRUNC(Number, num_digits)

Where:
Number: is the number which you want to round off.
num_digits : is number of digit till which you want to truncate after decimal.

### Example:

Number   Places to Truncate    Truncated Number    Formula used to Truncate the Number
1.4758901 =TRUNC(A1,B1)
1.4758911.4 =TRUNC(A2,B2)
1.4758921.47 =TRUNC(A3,B3)
-1.475892-1.47 =TRUNC(A3,B3)
13643.47589-113640 =TRUNC(A4,B4)
13643.47589-213600 =TRUNC(A5,B5)
13643.47589-313000 =TRUNC(A6,B6) 